Who Is At Risk For Hip Fracture
You are at risk for a hip fracture if you have osteoporosis. Older age also puts you at more risk. Other things that may raise your risk include:
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Poor nutrition, including a diet low in calcium and vitamin D
- Thinking problems such as dementia
- Physical problems
- Medicines that cause bone loss
- Cigarette smoking
- Living in an assisted-care facility
- Increased risk for falls, related to conditions such as weakness, disability, or unsteady gait
There may be other risks, depending on your specific health condition. Discuss any concerns with your healthcare provider.
Diagnosis And Tests For A Hip Fracture
Once you’ve arrived at hospital, you can usually get a diagnosis of a hip fracture based on your symptoms and the position of your hip or leg. However, you will still have an X-ray to confirm the diagnosis. If your fracture does not show up on an X-ray, you may have a CT scan or MRI scan.
When you are seen by a doctor, they will usually ask how you were injured and if you had a fall. They may also ask:
- If you have any health conditions
- If you have fallen before
- If you’re taking any medications
Your doctor will also assess how much pain you are in and, if you hit your head during your fall, whether you have a concussion. They may take your temperature and check if you’re dehydrated.
To relieve your pain, they may give you:
- Intravenous fluid
- Local anaesthetic around your hip
Who Is At Risk
High impact sports entail the most significant risk of hairline fractures, including:
Hairline fractures can also develop as a result of sudden or disproportionate changes to the intensity, duration, frequency, or type of physical activity. It is important to remember that these injuries can occur regardless of physical fitness.
Certain factors are associated with an elevated risk of developing hairline fractures, these include:
- Gender: Hairline fractures are more common in women, particularly those with irregular menstrual cycles.
- Anatomical abnormalities: Some abnormalities can intensify the strain on particular bones, such as having flat feet or high arches. This can also be exasperated by low quality or worn out footwear.
- Bone problems: Conditions that weaken bones, such as osteoporosis
- Previous hairline fractures: A hairline fracture causes the bone to be more susceptible to fractures reoccurring
- Diet imbalances: Weakened bones can develop from diets that lack nutrients essential to bone health, such as calcium or vitamin D, increasing the risk of hairline fractures occurring.
Don’t Miss: Posterior Hip Replacement Surgery Video 2020
Can Seniors Have Hip Fracture Treatment Without Surgery
In rare instances, doctors may recommend hip fracture treatment without surgery. Your loved one might not need surgery if the bone is fractured but remains in place. Surgery might not be recommended for patients who are too sick to endure it, were unable to walk before the fracture occurred, or are terminally ill.
In these cases, treatment consists of pain management, physical therapy, and different techniques to avoid straining and putting weight on the affected hip.
What Is The Outlook For People With Hip Fractures
A hip fracture can be life-changing. Many older people dont regain full mobility or independence after a hip fracture. Some people need a cane or walker to get around. Other people may need full-time care.
The outlook depends on several factors, including:
- Age: Older people may not heal from a fracture as quickly, and some arent healthy enough for surgery. Without surgery, many people stay in bed because they cant move without pain. Long-term bed rest can lead to serious health problems, including bedsores, blood clots and pneumonia.
- Overall health: People who move soon after hip surgery have a much better prognosis. If youre otherwise healthy, you should get up and walk around within a day or two after surgery. Moving speeds the healing process and reduces the risk of complications from bed rest.
- Type of fracture: A femoral neck fracture can cut off the blood supply to the femoral head, causing the bone to break down and die . If the injury also damaged other tissues , recovery usually takes longer.
Recommended Reading: Treatment For Avascular Necrosis Of The Hip
Causes Of A Hairline Fracture
- Most of the hairline fracture cases are due to overuse or repetition of the same type of activity.For example, if you suddenly start running for a distance multiple times in a week, then it can cause injury.
- Apart from this, changing the type of exercise can also increase the risk of a hairline fracture.For example, being a good swimmer and engaging yourself in activities like running together can also lead to injuries.
- Due to many activities, our bones learn to withstand that stress, which increases pressure on bones.
How To Prevent Hip Fractures In Elderly Adults
You can help your aging loved one prevent hip fractures by making sure their home is safe and free of trip hazards.
- Ensure rooms are well lit. Lighting should not be too dim or too direct. Make sure light switches are accessible.
- Tack down or remove rugs and carpets to help prevent falls.
- Make bathrooms safe by adding a chair for bathing and skid-resistant mats in the shower. Install grab bars where needed. Ensure toilet seats are tall enough for easy transferring.
- Ensure chairs are stable and have arm rests.
- Safeguard against fall hazards in the kitchen. Place a rubber mat in front of the sink and use non-slip wax on the floor. Organize frequently used items so they can be easily reached on low shelves.
- Install handrails in stairways and make sure steps arent slippery.
You may also talk to your loved one about:
- Having regular eye checkups.
- Wearing sensible, hard-soled flat shoes.
- Being mindful of medications side effects.
- Talking with their doctor about supplements to increase bone density, including calcium and vitamin D.
- Staying as physically active as possible with exercises that help with balance and leg strength, such as walking regularly, gentle yoga, or tai chi.
Read Also: Sharp Pain Left Side Hip
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of A Hip Fracture
A fractured hip is one of the most frequent fractures seen in the emergency rooms and orthopedic trauma teams. However before professional help is available or sought out, it will be important for you to assess and know what could be possible symptoms of a hip fracture.
While some are more pronounced, some are confusing that it may even look like another condition entirely. But when youre aware of the red flags, you can respond accordingly and avail yourself to medical care as soon as possible.
What Are The Risk Factors Of A Hip Fracture
Bones become thinner and weaker as you grow older doubling the rate of hip fractures for each decade of age after 50.When bone is lost too quickly or not replaced rapidly enough, osteoporosis can develop and increase the risk of hip fractures. While the disease can strike anyone, those particularly vulnerable include:
Diminished estrogen production makes postmenopausal women more susceptible to osteoporosis and hip fractures in fact, women make up 70 percent of all hip fracture patients.
Also Check: Swelling In Leg After Hip Replacement
How Are Hairline Fractures Treated
- It is very important to take a rest and apply ice.
- Apart from this, the doctor may prescribe you NSAIDs, which provide relief in pain and swelling.
- Physiotherapy treatment can also be given after the fracture.
- Treatment is given by the doctor depending on the location and severity of the injury.
- Do not put too much weight or stress on the injured leg.
- For this, you can wear comfortable shoes which can prevent further fractures.
- It takes 6 to 8 weeks for complete recovery.
- During this time, no stressful activity should be done.
- Some hairline fractures require surgery.
- Any type of high-impact activity should be avoided while healing the wounds.
- To see whether the injury has healed or not, an X-ray. can be done by the doctor to confirm prognosis.
- After recovering, slowly come back to the exercise routine.
Now, you know all about the prevention of hairline fractures. We are here to provide you with the perfect treatment for all hairline fractures and bone- joint problems, which is- Zenith Injury and Wellness Relief Clinic. Contact our experts who have expertise in treating hairline fracture.
Call 972-210-0033 to schedule your appointment.
What To Expect Before Hip Surgery
Before your surgery is confirmed, you will have a pre-operative assessment to check your health and if you are ready for surgery. This may involve tests and investigations. Your doctor will ask you about any medications you are taking and you will have an assessment to decide what type of anaesthetic will be used .
Before surgery you will be given pain relief and an anticoagulant to reduce the risk of blood clots during your surgery. While you are in hospital, you will be monitored for the development of blood clots.
Your surgeon or a member of your healthcare team can answer any questions you have about your surgery. The procedure will take a couple of hours.
Don’t Miss: Hip Replacement Late Infection Symptoms
How Boston Childrens Treats A Broken Hip
Boston Childrens Hospitals hip sub-specialists provide comprehensive treatment including evaluation, diagnosis, consultation, and follow-up care to their young patients. How well treat your childs hip fracture depends on the location, complexity, and severity of his break as well as his age and overall health. Boston Childrens orthopedic experts in the Child and Young Adult Hip Preservation Program will provide comprehensive treatment including evaluation, diagnosis, consultation, and follow-up care.
The overwhelming majority of children treated for a broken hip at Boston Childrens have corrections that enable their bones to grow normally so they can walk, play, grow, and live active lives. Kids bones heal quickly, and usually without complications.
Our treatment goals are to:
- control your childs pain
- promote healing
In particular, we understand that you may have a lot of questions when your child is diagnosed with a hip fracture. Will my child need surgery? How long will his recovery take? Will it affect my child long term? What should we do at home? We can help you connect with extensive resources to help you and your family through this stressful time, including:
Consultation For Hairline Fractures In Singapore
We at Singapore Sports and Orthopaedic Clinic are conveniently located in Central Part of Singapore at Gleneagles Medical Centre. Please feel free to contact us regarding treatment of hairline fractures. We provide same day appointment and X-ray/MRI prior advanced arrangement.
Our clinic offers same day appointment, X-ray/MRI facilities, Insurance filing services and amenities like pharmacy store & wheelchair accessibility.
Main Clinic is located at #02-10/11 Gleneagles Medical Centre.
Branch Clinic at #18-01 Paragon Medical Tower.
Don’t Miss: How To Treat Hip Dysplasia In Dogs
Sports And Fitness Activities
If your goal is to resume sports or fitness activities, your doctor will guide you in a gradual progression to more vigorous activities. It is important to be aware that due to the complicated nature of many acetabular fractures, many patients are not be able to return to pre-injury levels of activity.
Your doctor will tell you when it is safe to begin low-impact activities, such as swimming and/or riding a stationary bicycle. However, it can take from 6 to 12 months to return to more vigorous sports activities.
Can Other Conditions Develop If Hairline Fractures Arent Treated
Ignoring the pain caused by a hairline fracture can actually result in the bone breaking completely. Complete breaks will take longer to heal and involve more complicated treatments. Its important to seek out help from your doctor and treat a hairline fracture as soon as possible.
If you suspect you have a hairline fracture, there are a number of first aid treatments you can perform before you go to the doctor.
Also Check: Cost Of Hip Replacement Surgery In Florida
What Can I Do To Prevent A Hip Fracture
Preventive measures include taking enough calcium every day.
If you are a woman at menopause, you should consider having a bone density test. This measures your bone mineral content and the thickness of your bone. This measurement can indicate decreased bone mass. This is a condition in which your bones are more brittle and more prone to break or fracture easily. A bone density test is used primarily to diagnose osteoporosis and to determine fracture risk.
Women make less estrogen when menopause starts. Most people do not know they have osteoporosis until they have a fracture.
Another way to help prevent hip fracture is to do regular weight-bearing exercise, such as walking, jogging, or hiking. Exercise programs such as tai chi help promote strength and balance.
Other preventive measures may include:
- Taking medicines as prescribed by your healthcare provider to prevent bone loss
- Eating a diet rich in vitamin D and calcium, including milk, cottage cheese, yogurt, sardines, and broccoli
- Stopping smoking
- Not drinking too much alcohol
- Keeping objects, such as electrical cords, off the stairs and floors to prevent falls
- Using slip-resistant rugs next to the bathtub, and installing grab bars in the tub
- Positioning night lights from the bedroom to the bathroom
- Using rug pads or nonskid backing to keep rugs in place
- Not using unsteady furniture or step ladders to stand on
- Visiting an ophthalmologist every year to have vision checked and vision loss treated
Why Hip Fractures In Elderly Adults Are Dangerous
Complications of a broken hip in elderly adults can be life-threatening. The risk of death one year after a hip fracture can range from 12% to 37% in older adults, according to statistics published by Mount Sinai School of Medicine. Mortality risks are especially high for people with another health condition or cognitive impairment, people who opt for hip fracture treatment without surgery, and people who cant walk independently.
A broken hip severely affects mobility in seniors. When elderly adults arent mobile for an extended period of time, they can develop serious conditions such as:
- Blood clots in the legs or lungs
A broken hip in the elderly can also increase their risk of falls.
Recommended Reading: Pain Top Of Hip Bone
How Common Is A Hip Fracture
Fractures of the hip are common. In the United States, more than 300,000 people fracture a hip every year. Risk factors for a hip fracture include:
- Age: Hip fractures are more common in people over 65. With age, bones break down, weaken and become more brittle. Older people are more likely to have problems with movement and balance, which can lead to a fall.
- Gender: Almost 75% of hip fractures happen to older women. Women lose bone mass after menopause. Weak bones are more likely to break.
- Lifestyle: People who live a sedentary lifestyle are more likely to fracture a hip. Drinking too much alcohol can also weaken bones and increase your fracture risk.
- Medications: Some medications increase the risk of falls. Drugs that cause drowsiness or a drop in blood pressure can cause you to lose your balance. Talk to your provider about taking these medications safely.
- Osteoporosis: This disease causes bones to become weak and porous, increasing the risk of fracture. Women are four times more likely to have osteoporosis than men.
- Overall health: People who dont get enough vitamin D, calcium and other nutrients have a higher fracture risk. Some health conditions, such as dementia and Parkinsons disease, increase the risk of a fall.
What Are The Symptoms Of A Hip Hairline Fracture
Signs and symptoms of a hip fracture include:
- Inability to get up after a fall or to walk.
- Severe hip or groin pain.
- Inability to put weight on your leg on the side of your injured hip.
- Bruising and swelling in and around the hip area.
- Shorter leg on the side of your injured hip.
What happens if a hip fracture is not treated?
When left untreated, hip fractures cause pain and immobility leading to serious health problems, especially if the patient is older, says Sparling. Its best to see a doctor right away if you think youve broken a hip.
Read Also: How To Treat Hip Arthritis Without Surgery
Can Hip Fractures Be Treated
Hip fracture treatment depends on your age, overall health and type of injury. Most hip fractures require surgery within a day or two after the injury. But some people arent healthy enough for surgery due to their age or other conditions.
Your provider will recommend the most appropriate treatment for you, which may include:
- Surgery: Most hip fractures need surgical repair. There are several hip surgery techniques. Your provider may use metal screws, nails or plates to secure the bones and keep them in place.
- Hip replacement: Depending on the type of injury, you may need a partial or total hip replacement. After hip replacement surgery, your provider may recommend that you recover in a rehabilitation facility.
- Physical therapy : Your physical therapist will create a PT program to help you regain movement, flexibility and strength. If you had a hip replacement, special exercises after hip replacement surgery can significantly improve your range of motion.
- Medications: Over-the-counter and prescription pain medications can help you manage pain and reduce inflammation. If you had surgery for a hip fracture, you may receive antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection.
Complications Of Hip Surgery
After hip surgery, you may develop:
- An infection this needs treatment and often further surgery
- Bedsores caused by reduced mobility, which puts constant pressure on certain parts of your skin eg when sitting or lying down for a long time
- Blood clots reduced mobility after surgery can cause blood clots to form in the deep veins of your leg to reduce your risk of DVT:
Also Check: How To Treat Hip Pain At Home